Zurich Airport (German: Flughafen Zürich), also known as Kloten Airport, is Switzerland’s largest international airport, and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines. It serves Zurich, Switzerland’s largest city, and, with its surface transport links, much of the rest of the country.
The airport is owned by Flughafen Zürich AG, a company quoted on the SIX Swiss Exchange. Major shareholders include the canton of Zurich, with 33.33% of the shares, and the city of Zurich, with 5% of the shares. No other shareholder has a holding exceeding 5%. Skyguide is responsible for all Air Traffic Control for Zurich.
The airport is 13 kilometres (8 mi) north of downtown Zurich, in the municipalities of Kloten, Rümlang, Oberglatt, Winkel and Opfikon, all of which are within the canton of Zurich.
ZURICH AIRPORT HISTORY
The first flight abroad from Switzerland was on July 21, 1921, but the search for a location for a major airport wasn’t started until 1943 inside the Canton of Zurich. The site in Zurich was chosen in 1945 by the federal government and sold 655 hectares of Kloten Ordnance Depot to the Canton of Zurich. Thus the Canton of Zurich had control of the airport. The construction of the airport began the next year.
The first flights off the west runway were not until 1948. The new terminal opened in 1953 with a large air show that ran for three days. In 1947 the airport handled 133638 passengers on 12766 airline flights; in 1952, 372832 passengers on 24728 airline flights.
The first expansion of the airport was submitted in 1956, but the budget for the expansion was not approved by the Swiss Government until 1958 and the expansion was completed in 1961.
The airport was again submitted and approved for renovation in 1970, and Terminal B was completed in 1971. The first signs of noise mitigation for the airport were in 1972, when a night-time curfew was enacted, as well as in 1974 when new approach routes were introduced. Runway 14/32 was opened in 1976, and 16/34 began renovation.
ZURICH AIRPORT LOCATION
ZURICH AIRPORT FACTS
Elevation: 1,416 ft.
Runway length available: 10/28 8202×197 ft. :: 14/32 10827×197 ft. :: 16/34 12139×197 ft.