Munich Airport (IATA: MUC, ICAO: EDDM) (German: Flughafen München), is an international airport located 28.5 km (17.7 mi) northeast of Munich, Germany, and is a hub for Lufthansa and Star Alliance partner airlines. It is located near the old city of Freising and is named in memory of the former Bavarian Prime minister Franz Josef Strauss. The airport is located on the territory of four different municipalities: Oberding (location of the terminals; district of Erding), Hallbergmoos, Freising and Marzling (district of Freising).
Between 1995 and 2006, passenger numbers doubled from under 15 million per annum to over 30 million, despite the impact of the 11 September attacks in 2001 and 2002. In 1996, the airport overtook Düsseldorf as Germany’s second busiest airport and currently handles almost twice as many passengers as the country’s third busiest airport. However (once the new airport opens), Berlin is expected to catch up in terms of passenger numbers. Munich Airport serves as Lufthansa’s second hub in Germany besides Frankfurt.
MUNICH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT HISTORY
From 1939 to 1992, Munich was served by Munich-Riem airport. First plans to expand or build a new airport were made in 1954 (traffic flow-rate, population density in the proximity). The decision for building the new airport at Erdinger Moos was made on 5 August 1969 by the Bavarian government. When construction started on 3 November 1980, a village named Franzheim was demolished and their ~500 inhabitants were resettled.
The airport commenced operation on 17 May 1992, when operations moved from the former site at Munich-Riem, which was closed shortly before midnight on the day before. As Lufthansa’s home base at Frankfurt Airport had capacity limits, Lufthansa established a second hub offering connections through Munich as well as Frankfurt.
In June 2003, Terminal 2 was finished, housing Star Alliance partners exclusively.
Due to the rapid increase in traffic Munich is currently slot constrained and a third runway is now being planned. Not uncommon for such a project, there is considerable opposition from the nearby residents. Lawsuits against the runway have already been announced.
MUNICH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT LOCATION
Munich Airport (IATA: MUC, ICAO: EDDM) (German: Flughafen München), is an international airport located 28.5 km (17.7 mi) northeast of Munich, Germany.
MUNICH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT FACTS
Elevation: 1487 ft.
Runway length available: 08R/26L 13123×197 ft. :: 08L/26R 13123×197 ft.